Pain Management for Cats

Any serious illness can be accompanied by severe pain. Moreover, cats, like people, often suffer from toothache, pain from injuries and oncological diseases. As a rule, cats are very patient, but there are times when the pain becomes so severe that the animal can simply die from a painful shock. In this case, it will help the painkiller for cats of various actions.

Types of painkillers for cats

Analgesics (painkillers) used to treat cats quite a bit. Often, in such cases, medicines are used for people. But here it is necessary to observe extreme caution. After all, not all human drugs are harmless to cats. Therefore, quite often, the question arises: how to anesthetize the cat, so as not to harm.

Opioid (narcotic) drugs are considered the most powerful analgesics:

  1. Morphine;
  2. Demerol;
  3. Codeine or their synthetic varieties;
  4. Tramadol;
  5. Fentanyl.

However, to get them for the treatment of cats is practically not realistic. In the veterinary pharmacy, such drugs are not sold, and in a regular pharmacy, it is unlikely that you will be able to buy a narcotic drug according to a veterinary prescription.

In addition, there are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), used both for short-term relief of pain after surgery, and for long-term treatment of arthritis and arthrosis. In veterinary medicine, the most popular medicine of this kind is Iksikom. It is safe for cats, comes in the form of a suspension for oral administration.

Important! It is used by Loksik only for the purpose of the veterinarian.

The drug is rapidly absorbed in the intestines, and the maximum concentration in the body is observed already 4 hours after ingestion. If the recommended dosage is not followed, vomiting, gastric bleeding, and allergies may occur. Prolonged use of this drug can lead to serious consequences such as kidney or liver failure.

But the well-known Aspirin, also belonging to the group of NSAIDs, cats should not be given, because it often causes severe poisoning and internal bleeding. In extreme cases, you can give the cat 1/8 of a pill, once every 3 days. The slightest excess of the dosage can cause severe vomiting, drooling, intestinal bleeding, impaired coordination. Therefore, if there is no urgent need, then it is desirable to do with other analgesics.

Especially for cats, NPVS are produced to relieve pain in diseases of the musculoskeletal system:

  1. Flexoprofen;
  2. Rimadyl;
  3. Norocarp.

These painkillers should not be given to the animal on their own. This should be done by a specialist, after a thorough examination.

Flexoprofen is effective for fractures, dislocations, sprains, arthritis, synovitis. Well eliminates pain after surgery. As the active substance in the preparation contains ketoprofen, which has not only analgesic, but febrifugal, anti-inflammatory effect. It is used intramuscularly or intravenously, in a dosage of 2 mg / kg of cat weight.

Rimadyl is a 5% solution for injection, used once, as anesthesia after surgery. The active ingredient – Carprofen, has a fast anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect. It is applied subcutaneously, at the rate of 0.24 ml / 3 kg. It has many contraindications and possible adverse reactions.
Norocarp has exactly the same characteristics and similar indications for use as rimadil. These drugs have the same active substance and principle of use.
For toothache in cats, special gels that can be used at home, without a prescription, help well. For example, Metrogil Dent, Metrodent or Dentavedin. It is applied to a cotton swab and gently lubricate the gums around the aching tooth. Often, in this situation, use the usual chlorhexidine, which can be purchased at any pharmacy.

There is another anesthetic drug that is prescribed to cats for arthritis and arthrosis – Artrozan. It is given in the minimum dose, which is 0.15 ml, once (once a day). Well relieves pain, but causes severe drowsiness.

What kind of painkiller can a cat give for fractures or injuries? Good effect can be obtained when using Ketonala or Ketanov. It is better to apply it in the form of injections, at the rate of 0.3 ml, twice a day. Some owners of cats often confuse Ketonal and Ketorol. But these are completely different drugs.
A good antispasmodic drug that is often prescribed to cats is No-shpa. It is used only in the form of intramuscular injections, at a dosage of 1 mg / kg of body weight, twice a day. Often prescribed in the treatment of cystitis, gastric ulcers, colitis, cholecystitis, urolithiasis. Many veterinarians are advised to use Papaverin, a more benign antispasmodic, instead of No-shpy. It is slightly weaker, but also side does not cause reactions in cats.

In some cases, with a strong pain syndrome, for the relief of postoperative pain, veterinarians prescribe a powerful analgesic Pentalgin. The dosage should not exceed 1/8 of the tablet per day. In extreme cases, you can prick the Baralgin cat (0.4 ml once), but only under the strict supervision of a physician. This drug is highly toxic, and requires an accurate calculation of the daily dose.

For severe bruises, fractures, burns, ligaments and tendons, veterinary medicine Travmatin helps well. Available in the form of a solution for injection, relieves inflammation and swelling, prevents painful shock. The dosage is calculated individually, focusing on the age, weight, diagnosis of the animal.

Painkiller for cats after sterilization

Some experts recommend giving cats Analgin. Although it is not a veterinary drug, it can be used to alleviate severe pain after sterilization, in case of heavy labor, infectious diseases, and gastrointestinal lesions. Available drug in the form of tablets and solution for injection. The dosage is selected by the veterinarian, based on the weight, age and health of the cat. But the daily dose for one cat should never be more than 0.5 g or 0.15 ml intramuscularly.
Also, to alleviate the suffering of a sterilized cat, to relieve postoperative inflammation and pain, fever, veterinarians prescribe a special veterinary drug Tolfedin 20 mg for cats. It is given to the animal once a day, 0.5-1 tablet. With care, it should be used in cats with diseases of the liver, heart, kidneys, gastrointestinal tract. Adverse reactions (at a dosage) does not occur.

What kind of painkiller can be given to a cat in oncology?

If a cat is diagnosed with cancer, then you will not be able to do without taking strong painkillers:

One of these drugs is the synthetic opioid Tramadol, which acts on the spinal cord to block pain signals in the body. Available in the form of candles, drops for oral administration, tablets and solution for injection. The drug is prescribed by a veterinarian, only for health reasons. Tramadol has a huge number of side effects and contraindications, so you cannot give such an analgesic to the cat yourself.

The same effect has Fentanyl, when taken orally or injections. However, there is also a less toxic form of release of the drug: anesthetic plaster. But, despite the fact that the plaster is simply pasted on the surface of the animal’s skin, it still retains all its properties. Apply it, too, under the supervision of a physician, and only as a last resort.

Alternative ways to rid the cat of pain

Pain in a cat can have several causes: fractures, burns, sprains, sprains of the limbs, muscle spasms, inflammatory processes in tissues, etc. Depending on the severity of the disease, the pain that cats experience can be both severe and moderate. . It is possible to determine that an animal suffers from pain by its behavior. Cats, in such situations, try to avoid contact with others, hiding. With severe pain, they may experience rapid breathing, tachycardia, loss of appetite, lethargy or agitation, loud meowing, cramps.

There are several types of alternative treatments:

Homeopathic medicines. These are the safest drugs that contain only natural ingredients. However, we should not forget that they do not relieve the attack of acute pain, but act gradually, over a long time. Therefore, they are prescribed well before the intended operation. Well relieves pain after castration, fractures, concussions, inflammatory diseases, the homeopathic drug Traumeel, produced in the form of injection solution. It can be administered intramuscularly or intravenously, and a single dose will be 1-2 ml per day. Contraindications and side effects when taking the medicine is not fixed.

Manual therapy (massage). This procedure helps to improve the blood supply, relieves swelling, accelerates the rehabilitation of the animal after fractures and injuries. Massage perfectly strengthens the body and well removes moderate pain, muscle spasm, relaxes smooth muscles.

Magnetotherapy. One of the most frequently used procedures in veterinary practice. After all, magnets are able to very effectively relieve inflammation, swelling, eliminate pain not only after operations, but also for any other diseases.

Compresses. Apply them to eliminate long-term chronic pain, not an inflammatory nature. This procedure is used only for injuries and fractures, to relieve swelling and improve well-being.

Acupuncture. You can relate to this procedure in different ways. Someone does not believe in the miraculous power of oriental medicine, while others consider it a panacea for all ailments. However, it is worth noting that acupuncture really helps in many cases. It perfectly removes mild and moderate pain in chronic diseases.