Osteochondrosis is a chronic disease of the spine, which is characterized by the development of irreversible changes in the intervertebral joints and discs. The direct cause of the development of osteochondrosis is a prolonged increase in the load on the spine, associated with the erect position of a person, a long stay in unnatural postures (for example, during prolonged work at the computer) and other factors. The result of these processes is a violation of the blood supply and nutrition of the intervertebral discs, which leads to the appearance of microcracks in them. At the final stage of the development of the disease, as a result of the progression of dystrophic processes, the strength of the articulation between two adjacent vertebrae is disturbed;
1.Neroid anti-inflammatory drugs
(NSAIDs) -diklofenak, ketorolac, nimesil.
2. Narcotic analgesic drugs-morphine, tramadol, codeine, omnopon.
1. Therapeutic gymnastics
In case of cervical osteochondrosis, it is recommended to perform a set of exercises that will help reduce pain, improve microcirculation and strengthen the cervical spine.
All exercises should be performed slowly and smoothly, trying to avoid sudden movements. It is recommended to start with 5 – 7 repetitions of each exercise, performed 1 – 2 times a day. With good portability, the number of repetitions and runs can be increased.
Daily implementation of the described set of exercises will prevent the development and slow the progression of cervical osteochondrosis.
With cervical osteochondrosis, massage of the shoulder girdle, neck area, neck and head has a beneficial effect.
The principle of acupuncture is the introduction of thin needles in special points of the human body, which leads to certain neurological and endocrine changes in the area of impact. It has been scientifically proven that correctly performed acupuncture improves microcirculation in the cervical spine, eliminates soreness and muscle spasm, and also contributes to the normalization of metabolic processes in tissues.
Manual therapy involves the treatment of various diseases of the musculoskeletal system with the help of certain tactics and techniques performed by the hands of the doctor (chiropractor).
This term combines a set of procedures in which the human body is exposed to physical energy that has a beneficial effect on damaged tissue.
With cervical osteochondrosis can be applied: Electrophoresis – an effect on the body tissues with a constant electric current. Magnetotherapy – exposure to tissue by an electromagnetic field. Laser therapy – effects on tissue with laser radiation. Shock wave therapy – the impact on the area of damage sound waves. All the above methods contribute to the improvement of microcirculation in the cervical spine, improve the nutrition of nervous formations and accelerate metabolic processes at the cellular level, which contributes to the speedy recovery of damaged tissues. Do not skip the following posts. Consider other causes of neck pain.